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Industry development
Industrial development



Industrial development

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According to the industrial climate monitoring and early warning report, from the first quarter to the fourth quarter of 2017, the economic prosperity index of China Economic and Industrial Industry was 131.1, 128.9, 128.6 and 126.6, respectively. The prosperity index of the prosperity index from 120 to 120 in 2016 entered the normal of 120 or more. Boom range.
At the same time, the quality of industrial development has also continued to increase, mainly in the following aspects.
First, the export of high-end and high-end products continued to rise. For a long time, China's export products are mainly low-end, low-value-added products such as raw materials, labor-intensive products, and processed products. In recent years, the domestic manufacturing industry has accelerated the pace of transformation and upgrading, and the industrial structure has gradually moved toward the middle and high-end. The proportion of high-end products such as automobiles, high-speed rail, aerospace and electrical equipment in China's export products has gradually increased. According to customs data, the year-on-year growth rates of railway and tramway locomotives, vehicles and parts, as well as vehicles and their parts and accessories, railways, spacecraft and their parts (RMB denominated), except for railway and tramway vehicles, were 63.8%, 14.9%, and 12.6%, which are higher than the national level of 10.8%.
The second is that new technologies and new technologies such as the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence continue to infiltrate into the industrial sector and promote the development of China's manufacturing industry to be intelligent, digital, and informational. A new round of world science and technology revolution and industrial revolution have arisen around the world. China has emerged as a group of innovative enterprises with global influence in the fields of intelligent terminals, drones, e-commerce, cloud computing, internet finance, and artificial intelligence. Among the 2,500 companies with the highest R&D investment in the world, China has 376, ranking third in the world; in 2017, the number of unicorn enterprises in China ranks second only to the United States, ranking second in the world; ZTE, Huawei's global PCT patent applications The largest company ranks first and second. Emerging products such as artificial intelligence products, big data related products, new materials, new energy and new energy vehicles are emerging one after another and growing rapidly. Data show that in 2017, the output of emerging industrial products such as industrial robots, civil drones, new energy vehicles, urban rail vehicles, lithium-ion batteries, and solar cells increased by 68.1%, 67%, 51.1%, 40.1%, 31.3%, and 30.6, respectively. %, showing rapid growth.
Third, the consumption of resources in the output of industrial enterprises has continued to decline. In recent years, through the transformation and upgrading of industrial structures, as well as the promotion and use of energy-saving and consumption-reducing technologies, industrial enterprises have continued to reduce their resource consumption in industrial output. According to calculations, from 2011 to 2016, the water consumption of China's industrial units increased by 9.0%, 9.9%, 8.3%, 9.9%, 7.2%, and 5.7% year-on-year respectively; in 2014 and 2015, the number of industrial units in China increased. The value of energy consumption decreased by 5.1% and 6.8% respectively.
Fourth, the product quality has steadily improved. Quality is the life of an enterprise. Intense market competition forces companies to pay attention to product quality, strengthen quality management, and steadily improve product quality. According to the data from the AQSIQ, from 2013 to 2017, the qualified rate of national product quality inspections for domestic products was 88.9%, 92.3%, 91.1%, 91.6%, and 91.5%, respectively, and it remained above 90% for 4 consecutive years. In 2017, the qualified rate of daily inspection of daily consumer goods reached 91.6%; the qualified rate of China's auto manufacturing, special equipment, chemical products, instrumentation and other industries remained above 95%, and the number of recalls of European and American exports to China was 5 Year-on-year decrease of 22.7%.
The improvement of the quality of industrial enterprises is closely related to the continuous strengthening of innovation activities in industrial enterprises. In recent years, China has fully implemented the innovation-driven development strategy, further promoted the mass entrepreneurship and innovation, the industrial innovation environment has been continuously optimized, the innovation investment has continued to increase, the innovation output capability has been rapidly improved, and the innovation effect has become more apparent. According to the survey results of 379,000 industrial enterprises above designated size, in 2016, 87,000 enterprises across the country carried out research and development activities, an increase of 13,000 over the previous year, an increase of 18.1%, and the growth rate increased by 2.6 percentage points over the previous year; The proportion of industrial enterprises was 23%, an increase of 3.8 percentage points over the previous year; the research and development expenditure of enterprises was 1,094.47 billion yuan, an increase of 9.3% over the previous year, and the growth rate was 1.1 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; the investment input intensity of research and development was 0.94. %, an increase of 0.04 percentage points over the previous year; the company has developed a total of 361,000 research and development projects, an increase of 16.5% over the previous year. The company's research and development activities have effectively enhanced the economic benefits of the company. In 2016, the per capita output value and income profit rate of industrial enterprises carrying out research and development activities were 1.352 million yuan/person and 6.37%, respectively, which were 146,000 yuan/person and 0.33 percentage points higher than those without R&D activities.
While affirming the quality improvement of industrial enterprises, we should also clearly understand that the rebound of the industrial prosperity index in 2017 is largely related to the rebound in the prices of industrial products, especially the rapid price of resources such as coal and steel. The rise has a greater contribution to corporate sales and profit growth. The data shows that the industrial producers' ex-factory price rose by 6.3% in 2017, among which coal prices rose by 28.2% and steel prices rose by 27.9%. In 2017, the sales revenue and total profit of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 11.1% and 21% respectively. The growth was 25.9% and 2.9 times, and steel increased by 22.4% and 1.78 times respectively. The rapid growth of profits of industrial enterprises and the rebound of industrial prosperity have created favorable conditions for the high-quality development of industry. However, the industry has maintained a good economic condition for a long time, and profits have maintained steady growth for a long time. Realizing long-term high-quality development and over-reliance on price increases are not acceptable, because price increases, especially large increases, are unsustainable. To this end, we must resolutely abandon short-term behavior, adhere to the new development concept, unswervingly promote supply-side structural reforms, continuously optimize the innovation environment, and achieve sustainable high-quality development goals through continuous enhancement of innovation drivers.